Scholarly Article Ontology

The 'Scholarly Article Ontology' (SA) is a set of terms (formally defined in RDF Schema) necessary to describe the production process, content and preservation of scholarly articles (and similar artifacts).

The 'Scholarly Article Ontology' (SA) is aimed to be used along with and in particular, the ScholarlyArticle class (and subclasses). When possible, SA terms of broad interest will be proposed to and removed from this ontology if accepted.

The 'Scholarly Article Ontology' (SA) uses the semantic of Role. Roles are especially useful for concepts of scholarly communication such as author affiliations, correspondence and sources of funding as these concepts are often specific to a persona (e.g., a person as an author of a given work) as opposed to the person in general. For instance, a person can be affiliated with N institutions but have contributed to a a given work only within a subset of the institutions he is affiliated to.

Readers not familiar with the semantic of Role can consult the introductory blog post.

Namespace, prefixed as sa.


A JSON-LD context is available at (requires a Accept: application/ld+json header).


A detailed example of a Scholarly Article illustrating the use of classes and properties defined by the 'Scholarly Article Ontology' (SA) and how they should be combined with

view as JSON-LD



Enumeration members